When a voters go to cast a ballot, they can rank the candidates (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.)
If no candidate has the majority of the vote, the candidate with the least number of votes is eliminated. This process of elimination continues until there is a majority winner.
If a person’s first choice is eliminated, their second choice is then used for the next round.
By already having voters’ 1st, 2nd, and 3rd choices, ranked choice voting makes it possible to move forward in the elimination process without having to have another election.